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LTE G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum Opportunities Challenges Strategies Forecasts


LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum: 2020 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

Report code: SDMRIC1545650 | Industry: ICT | Published On: 2021-08-23


Over the past decade, the operation of 3GPP-based cellular networks in unlicensed spectrum has gone from being a perennial talking point to what is now a key element of mobile network densification strategies. Mobile operators across the globe are increasingly rolling out LTE RAN (Radio Access Network) infrastructure operating in unlicensed spectrum – primarily the globally harmonized 5 GHz band – to expand network capacity and deliver higher data rates, particularly in dense urban environments. These implementations are largely based on LAA (Licensed Assisted Access) technology which aggregates unlicensed channels with anchors in licensed spectrum to maintain seamless and reliable connectivity.

However, the practical applicability of unlicensed spectrum is not limited to the capacity enhancement of traditional mobile operator networks. Technical and regulatory initiatives such as MulteFire, CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service) and sXGP (Shared Extended Global Platform) make it possible for enterprises, vertical industries, third-party neutral hosts and other new entrants to build and operate their own independent cellular networks solely in unlicensed spectrum without requiring an anchor carrier in licensed spectrum. Furthermore, in conjunction with the availability of new license-exempt frequencies such as the recently opened 6 GHz band from 5925 MHz to 7125 MHz, the introduction of 5G NR-U in 3GPP's Release 16 specifications paves the way for 5G NR deployments in unlicensed spectrum for both licensed assisted and standalone modes of operation. Given 5G's inherent support for reliability and time-sensitive networking, NR-U is particularly well suited to meet industrial IoT requirements for the automation and digitization of environments such as factories, warehouses, ports and mining sites.

Despite the economic slowdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, competition from non-3GPP wireless technologies and other challenges, SNS Telecom & IT estimates that global investments in LTE and 5G NR-ready RAN infrastructure operating in unlicensed spectrum will reach nearly $500 Million by the end of 2020. The market is further expected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 40% between 2020 and 2023, eventually accounting for $1.3 Billion by 2023.

The “LTE & 5G NR in Unlicensed Spectrum: 2020 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents a detailed assessment of the market for LTE and 5G NR in unlicensed spectrum including the value chain, market drivers, barriers to uptake, enabling technologies, key trends, future roadmap, business models, use cases, application scenarios, standardization, spectrum availability/allocation, regulatory landscape, case studies, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also provides global and regional forecasts for unlicensed LTE and 5G NR RAN infrastructure from 2020 till 2030. The forecasts cover two air interface technologies, two modes of operation, two cell type categories, seven frequency band ranges, seven use cases and five regional markets.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Table  of  Contents
1 Chapter  1:  Introduction
1.1 Executive  Summary
1.2 Topics  Covered
1.3 Forecast  Segmentation
1.4 Key  Questions  Answered
1.5 Key  Findings
1.6 Methodology
1.7 Target  Audience
1.8 Companies  &  Organizations  Mentioned

2 Chapter  2:  An  Overview  of  LTE  &  5G  NR  in  Unlicensed  Spectrum
2.1 Spectrum:  The  Lifeblood  of  the  Wireless  Communications  Industry
2.1.1 Traditional  Exclusive-Use  Licensed  Spectrum
2.1.2 Unlicensed  Spectrum
2.1.2.1 Dedicated  License-Exempt  Bands
2.1.2.2 Opportunistic  Unlicensed  Access
2.2 Why  Utilize  Unlicensed  Spectrum  for  LTE  &  5G  NR  Networks?
2.2.1 Alleviating  Capacity  Constraints  on  Mobile  Operator  Spectrum
2.2.2 New  Business  Models:  Neutral  Host,  Enterprise  &  Private  Cellular  Networks
2.2.3 Resurgence  of  FWA  (Fixed  Wireless  Access)  Services
2.3 How  Unlicensed  Spectrum  Differs  From  Traditional  Licensed  Frequencies
2.3.1 Exclusive  vs.  Shared  Use
2.3.2 License  Fees  &  Validity
2.3.3 Network  Buildout  &  Service  Obligations
2.3.4 LBT  (Listen  Before  Talk)  &  Coexistence  Mechanisms
2.3.5 Power  Limits  &  Other  Restrictions
2.4 The  Value  Chain  of  LTE  &  5G  NR  in  Unlicensed  Spectrum
2.4.1 Chipset  &  Enabling  Technology  Specialists
2.4.2 Terminal  OEMs  (Original  Equipment  Manufacturers)
2.4.3 LTE  &  5G  NR  Infrastructure  Suppliers
2.4.4 Wireless  Service  Providers
2.4.4.1 Mobile  Operators
2.4.4.2 Fixed-Line  Service  Providers
2.4.4.3 MVNOs  (Mobile  Virtual  Network  Operators)
2.4.4.4 Towercos  (Tower  Companies)
2.4.4.5 Neutral  Hosts
2.4.4.6 Private  Network  Operators
2.4.5 End  Users
2.4.5.1 Consumers
2.4.5.2 Enterprises  &  Vertical  Industries
2.4.6 Other  Ecosystem  Players
2.5 Market  Drivers
2.5.1 Continued  Growth  of  Mobile  Data  Traffic
2.5.2 New  Revenue  Streams:  FWA,  IoT  &  Vertical-Focused  Services
2.5.3 Private  &  Neutral  Host  Network  Deployments
2.5.4 Unlicensed  Spectrum  Availability
2.5.5 Lower  Cost  Network  Equipment  &  Installation
2.5.6 Expanding  Ecosystem  of  Compatible  Devices
2.6 Market  Barriers
2.6.1 Cell  Site  Deployment  Challenges
2.6.2 Restricted  Coverage  Due  to  Transmit  Power  Limits
2.6.3 Interference  &  Congestion  Concerns
2.6.4 Resistance  From  Other  Spectrum  Users
2.6.5 Competition  From  Non-3GPP  Technologies
2.6.6 Economic  &  Pandemic-Related  Factors

3 Chapter  3:  Enabling  Technologies  &  Concepts
3.1 LTE-U
3.1.1 Channel  Selection
3.1.2 CSAT  (Carrier  Sensing  Adaptive  Transmission)
3.1.3 Opportunistic  On-Off  Switching
3.2 LAA  (Licensed  Assisted  Access)
3.2.1 LBT  (Listen  Before  Talk):  Category  4  &  Category  2  LBT
3.2.2 FS3  (Frame  Structure  Type  3)  for  Unlicensed  Carriers
3.2.3 Other  LAA  Design  &  Operational  Aspects
3.3 eLAA  (Enhanced  LAA)
3.4 FeLAA  (Further  Enhanced  LAA)
3.5 5G  NR-U  (NR  in  Unlicensed  Spectrum)
3.5.1 Modes  of  Operation
3.5.1.1 Anchored  NR-U
3.5.1.2 Standalone  NR-U
3.5.2 LBT-Based  Channel  Access
3.5.3 Air  Interface  Refinements  for  NR-U
3.5.4 Time-Synchronized  NR-U  &  Future  Developments
3.6 MulteFire
3.6.1 Supported  Unlicensed  Bands
3.6.2 Building  on  3GPP-Specified  LAA  &  eLAA  Functionality
3.6.3 Modifications  for  Standalone  Operation  Without  Licensed  Anchor
3.6.4 Neutral  Host  Access,  Cellular  IoT  Optimizations  &  Additional  Capabilities
3.7 Japan's  sXGP  (Shared  Extended  Global  Platform)
3.7.1 License-Exempt  Operation  of  1.9  GHz  Private  LTE  Networks
3.7.2 LBT  for  Coexistence  With  PHS  &  Other  sXGP  Networks
3.7.3 Possible  Use  of  1.9  GHz  as  an  Anchor  Band  for  Local  5G  Networks
3.8 United  States'  CBRS  (Citizens  Broadband  Radio  Service)
3.8.1 Dynamic  Three-Tiered  Sharing  of  the  3.5  GHz  CBRS  Band
3.8.2 Tiers  of  Authorization
3.8.2.1 Tier  1  –  Incumbent  Access
3.8.2.2 Tier  2  –  PALs  (Priority  Access  Licenses)
3.8.2.3 Tier  3  –  GAA  (General  Authorized  Access)
3.9 TVWS  (TV  White  Spaces)
3.9.1 Database-Assisted  Access  to  Unoccupied  TV  Channels
3.9.2 Possible  Implementation  Using  3GPP  RAN  Technologies
3.10 Integration  &  Aggregation  With  Unlicensed  Non-3GPP  Networks
3.10.1 Core  Network-Centric  Integration
3.10.1.1 System-Level  WLAN  Offload  in  LTE
3.10.1.2 Interworking  With  Non-3GPP  Access  Networks  in  5G
3.10.2 RAN  Centric  Offload  &  Link  Aggregation
3.10.2.1 RALWI  (RAN  Assisted  LTE-WLAN  Interworking)
3.10.2.2 RCLWI  (RAN  Controlled  LTE-WLAN  Interworking)
3.10.2.3 LWA  (LTE-WLAN  Aggregation)
3.10.2.4 eLWA  (Enhanced  LWA)
3.10.2.5 LWIP  (LTE-WLAN  Radio  Level  Integration  With  IPsec  Tunnel)
3.10.2.6 eLWIP  (Enhanced  LWIP)
3.10.3 Multipath  Protocols
3.10.3.1 MPTCP  (Multipath  TCP)
3.10.3.2 MPQUIC  (Multipath  Quick  UDP  Internet  Connections)
3.10.4 Other  Protocols  &  Techniques

4 Chapter  4:  Business  Models,  Use  Cases  &  Applications
4.1 Business  Models  &  Use  Cases
4.1.1 Service  Provider  Networks
4.1.1.1 Mobile  Network  Densification  &  Build-Outs
4.1.1.2 FWA  (Fixed  Wireless  Access)  Broadband
4.1.1.3 Mobile  Networks  for  Cable  Operators  &  New  Entrants
4.1.2 Neutral  Host  Networks
4.1.2.1 Indoor  Spaces
4.1.2.2 Large  Public  Venues
4.1.2.3 Transport  Hubs  &  Corridors
4.1.2.4 High-Density  Urban  Settings
4.1.2.5 Remote  and  Rural  Coverage
4.1.3 Private  Cellular  Networks
4.1.3.1 Offices,  Buildings  &  Corporate  Campuses
4.1.3.2 Vertical  Industries
4.1.3.2.1 Manufacturing
4.1.3.2.2 Transportation
4.1.3.2.3 Utilities
4.1.3.2.4 Mining
4.1.3.2.5 Oil  &  Gas
4.1.3.2.6 Healthcare
4.1.3.2.7 Education
4.1.3.2.8 Retail  &  Hospitality
4.1.3.2.9 Governments  &  Municipalities
4.1.3.2.10 Other  Verticals
4.2 Applications
4.2.1 Mobile  Broadband
4.2.2 Home  &  Business  Broadband
4.2.3 Voice  &  Messaging  Services
4.2.4 High-Definition  Video  Transmission
4.2.5 Telepresence  &  Video  Conferencing
4.2.6 Multimedia  Broadcasting  &  Multicasting
4.2.7 IoT  (Internet  of  Things)  Networking
4.2.8 Wireless  Connectivity  for  Wearables
4.2.9 Untethered  AR/VR/MR  (Augmented,  Virtual  &  Mixed  Reality)
4.2.10 Real-Time  Holographic  Projections
4.2.11 Tactile  Internet  &  Haptic  Feedback
4.2.12 High-Precision  Positioning  &  Tracking
4.2.13 Industrial  Automation
4.2.14 Remote  Control  of  Machines
4.2.15 Connected  Mobile  Robotics
4.2.16 Unmanned  &  Autonomous  Vehicles
4.2.17 BVLOS  (Beyond  Visual  Line-of-Sight)  Operation  of  Drones
4.2.18 Data-Driven  Analytics  &  Insights
4.2.19 Sensor-Equipped  Digital  Twins
4.2.20 Predictive  Maintenance  of  Equipment

5 Chapter  5:  Unlicensed  Spectrum  Availability,  Allocation  &  Usage
5.1 Candidate  Frequency  Bands  for  LTE  &  5G  NR  in  Unlicensed  Spectrum
5.1.1 Sub-1  GHz  Bands  (470  –  700/800/900  MHz)
5.1.2 1.8  GHz  DECT  Guard  Band  (1780  –  1785  MHz,  1875  –  1880  MHz)
5.1.3 1.9  GHz  sXGP/DECT  Band  (1880  –  1920  MHz)
5.1.4 2.4  GHz  (2400  –  2483.5  MHz)
5.1.5 3.5  GHz  (3550  –  3700  MHz)  CBRS  Band
5.1.6 5  GHz  (5150  –  5925  MHz)
5.1.7 6  GHz  (5925  –  7125  MHz)
5.1.8 57  –  71  GHz
5.1.9 Other  Bands
5.2 North  America
5.2.1 United  States
5.2.2 Canada
5.3 Asia  Pacific
5.3.1 Australia
5.3.2 New  Zealand
5.3.3 Japan
5.3.4 South  Korea
5.3.5 China
5.3.6 Hong  Kong
5.3.7 Taiwan
5.3.8 Singapore
5.3.9 Malaysia
5.3.10 Indonesia
5.3.11 Philippines
5.3.12 Thailand
5.3.13 Vietnam
5.3.14 Myanmar
5.3.15 India
5.3.16 Pakistan
5.3.17 Rest  of  Asia  Pacific
5.4 Europe
5.4.1 United  Kingdom
5.4.2 Ireland
5.4.3 France
5.4.4 Germany
5.4.5 Belgium
5.4.6 Netherlands
5.4.7 Switzerland
5.4.8 Austria
5.4.9 Italy
5.4.10 Spain
5.4.11 Portugal
5.4.12 Sweden
5.4.13 Norway
5.4.14 Denmark
5.4.15 Finland
5.4.16 Estonia
5.4.17 Czech  Republic
5.4.18 Poland
5.4.19 Greece
5.4.20 Turkey
5.4.21 Bulgaria
5.4.22 Romania
5.4.23 Hungary
5.4.24 Slovenia
5.4.25 Serbia
5.4.26 Russia
5.4.27 Rest  of  Europe
5.5 Middle  East  &  Africa
5.5.1 Saudi  Arabia
5.5.2 United  Arab  Emirates
5.5.3 Qatar
5.5.4 Kuwait
5.5.5 Israel
5.5.6 South  Africa
5.5.7 Rest  of  the  Middle  East  &  Africa
5.6 Latin  &  Central  America
5.6.1 Mexico
5.6.2 Brazil
5.6.3 Argentina
5.6.4 Colombia
5.6.5 Chile
5.6.6 Rest  of  Latin  &  Central  America

6 Chapter  6:  Standardization,  Regulatory  &  Collaborative  Initiatives
6.1 3GPP  (Third  Generation  Partnership  Project)
6.1.1 Releases  8-11:  System-Level  WLAN  Offload
6.1.2 Release  12:  RAN  Assisted  LTE-WLAN  Interworking
6.1.3 Release  13:  LAA,  LWA,  LWIP  &  RCLWI
6.1.4 Release  14:  eLAA,  eLWA,  eLWIP  &  CBRS  Band  48  Support
6.1.5 Release  15:  Further  Enhancements  &  LAA/eLAA  (Band  49)  for  CBRS
6.1.6 Release  16:  Anchored  &  Standalone  5G  NR-U
6.1.7 Release  17  &  Beyond:  Future  Evolution  of  5G  NR-U
6.2 ATIS  (Alliance  for  Telecommunications  Industry  Solutions)
6.2.1 IMSI  Assignment  &  Management  for  CBRS
6.2.2 Additional  CBRS-Related  Efforts
6.3 CBRS  Alliance
6.3.1 OnGo  Certification  Program  for  3.5  GHz  CBRS  Equipment
6.3.2 CBRS  Network  Services  &  Coexistence  Specifications
6.3.2.1 Release  1:  Baseline  Specifications  for  LTE  Systems  in  the  3.5  GHz  Band
6.3.2.2 Release  2:  Enhanced  Specifications  in  Preparation  for  OnGo  Commercial  Service
6.3.2.3 Release  3:  Incorporation  of  3GPP’s  5G  Definitions  &  Standards  in  the  3.5  GHz  CBRS  Band
6.3.2.4 Release  Independent  Specifications  for  CBRS  Identifiers
6.4 CEPT  (European  Conference  of  Postal  and  Telecommunications  Administrations)
6.4.1 ECC  (Electronic  Communications  Committee):  Operational  Guidelines  &  Technical  Solutions  for  Spectrum  Sharing  in  Europe
6.5 CTIA
6.5.1 Product  Certification  for  3.5  GHz  CBRS  Equipment
6.6 DSA  (Dynamic  Spectrum  Alliance)
6.6.1 Advocacy  Efforts  to  Promote  Unlicensed  &  Dynamic  Access  to  Spectrum
6.7 ETSI  (European  Telecommunications  Standards  Institute)
6.7.1 BRAN  (Broadband  Radio  Access  Networks)  Technical  Committee:  Harmonized  Standards  for  Wireless  Access  Systems
6.7.1.1 WSD  (White  Space  Devices)  Operating  in  the  470  –  790  MHz  Band
6.7.1.2 5  GHz  RLANs  (Radio  Local  Area  Networks)
6.7.1.3 6  GHz  RLANs
6.7.1.4 60  GHz  Multi-Gigabit  Wireless  Systems
6.7.1.5 Other  Relevant  Work
6.8 IETF  (Internet  Engineering  Task  Force)
6.8.1 Standards  &  Protocols  for  Interworking  Between  3GPP  &  Unlicensed  Technologies
6.9 ITU-R  (International  Telecommunication  Union  Radiocommunication  Sector)
6.9.1 International  Regulation  of  Unlicensed  Spectrum
6.10 LTE-U  Forum
6.10.1 Technical  Specifications  for  LTE-U  in  Unlicensed  5  GHz  Spectrum
6.11 MulteFire  Alliance
6.11.1 Specifications  for  LTE/5G  NR  Operation  in  Unlicensed  Spectrum
6.11.1.1 Release  1.0:  LTE  Operation  in  the  Unlicensed  5  GHz  Band
6.11.1.2 Release  1.1:  Support  for  Industrial  IoT  &  Sub-1/1.9/2.4  GHz  Spectrum  Bands
6.11.2 MulteFire  Certification  Program
6.12 NGMN  Alliance
6.12.1 Unlicensed  Spectrum-Related  Activates
6.13 ONF  (Open  Networking  Foundation)
6.13.1 Shared  &  Unlicensed  Spectrum  Support  in  the  Aether  5G/LTE  ECaaS  (Edge-Cloud-as-a-Service)  Platform
6.14 Small  Cell  Forum
6.14.1 Work  Related  to  License-Exempt  &  Shared  Spectrum  Small  Cells
6.15 WhiteSpace  Alliance
6.15.1 Promoting  the  Use  of  3GPP,  IEEE  &  IETF  Standards  for  TVWS  Spectrum
6.16 WInnForum  (Wireless  Innovation  Forum)
6.16.1 SSC  (Spectrum  Sharing  Committee):  CBRS  Standards
6.16.1.1 Release  1:  CBRS  Baseline  Standards
6.16.1.2 Release  2:  Enhancements  to  CBRS  Baseline  Standards
6.16.1.3 Administration  of  Root  Certificate  Authority,  Professional  Installer  Training  &  CBSD  Certification  Programs
6.16.2 6MSC  (6  GHz  Multi-Stakeholder  Planning  Committee)
6.16.3 Other  Committees
6.17 XGP  (eXtended  Global  Platform)  Forum
6.17.1 Development  &  Promotion  of  the  sXGP  Unlicensed  LTE  Service
6.18 Others
6.18.1 National  Government  Agencies  &  Regulators
6.18.2 Vertical  Industry  Associations
6.18.3 Non-3GPP  Technology  Alliances

7 Chapter  7:  Case  Studies  of  Unlicensed  Spectrum  Deployments
7.1 AT&T:  Tapping  Unlicensed  Spectrum  for  Mobile  Network  Densification  &  FWA
7.1.1 Spectrum  Type
7.1.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.1.3 Deployment  Summary
7.2 BBB  (BB  Backbone  Corporation):  1.9  GHz  sXGP-Based  Private  LTE  Network  Platform
7.2.1 Spectrum  Type
7.2.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.2.3 Deployment  Summary
7.3 BYD  SkyRail:  Unlicensed  5  GHz  Wireless  System  for  Railway  Communications
7.3.1 Spectrum  Type
7.3.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.3.3 Deployment  Summary
7.4 Chunghwa  Telecom:  Utilizing  Unlicensed  5  GHz  Spectrum  to  Enhance  Mobile  Broadband  Experience
7.4.1 Spectrum  Type
7.4.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.4.3 Deployment  Summary
7.5 Dallas  Love  Field  Airport:  Private  LTE  Network  for  Internal  Operations  &  Passenger  Experience
7.5.1 Spectrum  Type
7.5.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.5.3 Deployment  Summary
7.6 Gogo:  Capitalizing  on  Unlicensed  2.4  GHz  Spectrum  for  LTE/5G-Ready  A2G  (Air-to-Ground)  Network
7.6.1 Spectrum  Type
7.6.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.6.3 Deployment  Summary
7.7 Memorial  Health  System:  LTE-Based  CBRS  Network  to  Support  COVID-19  Response  Efforts
7.7.1 Spectrum  Type
7.7.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.7.3 Deployment  Summary
7.8 Midco  (Midcontinent  Communications):  Shared  &  Unlicensed  Spectrum  for  Rural  Broadband  Connectivity
7.8.1 Spectrum  Type
7.8.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.8.3 Deployment  Summary
7.9 MTS  (Mobile  TeleSystems):  Delivering  Gigabit-Grade  LTE  Services  Using  LAA  Technology
7.9.1 Spectrum  Type
7.9.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.9.3 Deployment  Summary
7.10 Murray  City  School  District:  LTE-Based  Private  CBRS  Network  for  K-12  Education
7.10.1 Spectrum  Type
7.10.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.10.3 Deployment  Summary
7.11 NetCity  (GEOS  Telecom):  Unlicensed  Sub-1  GHz  LTE  Network  for  AMI  (Advanced  Metering  Infrastructure)
7.11.1 Spectrum  Type
7.11.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.11.3 Deployment  Summary
7.12 Ocado:  Custom-Built  LTE  Network  Over  Unlicensed  5  GHz  Spectrum  for  Warehouse  Automation
7.12.1 Spectrum  Type
7.12.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.12.3 Deployment  Summary
7.13 RCI  (Rural  Cloud  Initiative):  Building  the  Farm  of  the  Future  With  CBRS  Spectrum
7.13.1 Spectrum  Type
7.13.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.13.3 Deployment  Summary
7.14 SmarTone:  Effectively  Managing  Traffic  Surges  With  Strategically  Located  LAA  Small  Cells
7.14.1 Spectrum  Type
7.14.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.14.3 Deployment  Summary
7.15 URSYS:  Bringing  Cellular  Connectivity  to  Rural  Areas  and  Outlying  Regions  With  Unlicensed  Spectrum
7.15.1 Spectrum  Type
7.15.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.15.3 Deployment  Summary
7.16 Verizon  Communications:  Exploiting  5  GHz  &  3.5  GHz  CBRS  Spectrum  to  Address  Capacity  Demands
7.16.1 Spectrum  Type
7.16.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.16.3 Deployment  Summary
7.17 Vodacom  Group:  Employing  Unlicensed  5  GHz  Spectrum  To  Improve  LTE  Network  Capacity  &  Performance
7.17.1 Spectrum  Type
7.17.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.17.3 Deployment  Summary
7.18 Yangshan  Port:  Unlicensed  5  GHz  LTE  Network  for  Automated  Container  Terminal  Operations
7.18.1 Spectrum  Type
7.18.2 Integrators  &  Suppliers
7.18.3 Deployment  Summary

8 Chapter  8:  Market  Sizing  &  Forecasts
8.1 Global  Outlook  for  LTE  &  5G  NR  in  Unlicensed  Spectrum
8.2 Segmentation  by  Air  Interface  Technology
8.2.1 Unlicensed  LTE
8.2.2 5G  NR-U
8.3 Segmentation  by  Mode  of  Operation
8.3.1 Standalone
8.3.2 LAA
8.4 Segmentation  by  Cell  Type
8.4.1 Indoor  Small  Cells
8.4.2 Outdoor  Small  Cells
8.5 Segmentation  by  Frequency  Band
8.5.1 Sub-1  GHz
8.5.2 1.9  GHz  sXGP
8.5.3 2.4  GHz
8.5.4 3.5  GHz  CBRS  GAA
8.5.5 5  GHz
8.5.6 6  GHz
8.5.7 Higher  Frequencies
8.6 Segmentation  by  Use  Case
8.6.1 Mobile  Network  Densification
8.6.2 FWA  (Fixed  Wireless  Access)
8.6.3 Cable  Operators  &  New  Entrants
8.6.4 Neutral  Hosts
8.6.5 Private  Cellular  Networks
8.6.5.1 Offices,  Buildings  &  Corporate  Campuses
8.6.5.2 Vertical  Industries
8.7 Regional  Outlook
8.7.1 North  America
8.7.2 Asia  Pacific
8.7.3 Europe
8.7.4 Middle  East  &  Africa
8.7.5 Latin  &  Central  America

9 Chapter  9:  Key  Ecosystem  Players
9.1 6Harmonics/6WiLInk
9.2 ABiT  Corporation
9.3 Accelleran
9.4 Accuver  (InnoWireless)
9.5 ADRF  (Advanced  RF  Technologies)
9.6 Affirmed  Networks  (Microsoft  Corporation)
9.7 Airgain
9.8 Airspan  Networks
9.9 Airtower  Networks
9.10 Airwavz  Solutions
9.11 Akoustis  Technologies
9.12 Alef  Edge
9.13 Allen  Vanguard  Wireless
9.14 Alpha  Wireless
9.15 Altiostar  Networks
9.16 Altran
9.17 Amazon
9.18 Amdocs
9.19 American  Tower  Corporation
9.20 Amit  Wireless
9.21 Anritsu  Corporation
9.22 ANS  (Advanced  Network  Services)
9.23 Antenna  Company
9.24 Anterix
9.25 Apple
9.26 Artemis  Networks  (Rearden)
9.27 ASOCS
9.28 ASTRI  (Hong  Kong  Applied  Science  and  Technology  Research  Institute)
9.29 ASUS  (ASUSTeK  Computer)/Askey  Computer  Corporation
9.30 Athonet
9.31 ATN  International
9.32 AttoCore
9.33 Axell  Wireless
9.34 Azcom  Technology
9.35 BAI  Communications/Transit  Wireless
9.36 Baicells  Technologies
9.37 Ballast  Networks
9.38 BearCom
9.39 BEC  Technologies
9.40 Benetel
9.41 Billion  Electric
9.42 Black  Box  Corporation
9.43 Blackned
9.44 Blue  Arcus  Technologies
9.45 Blue  Danube  Systems
9.46 Boingo  Wireless
9.47 Branch  Communications
9.48 BTI  Wireless
9.49 Bureau  Veritas/7Layers
9.50 BVSystems  (Berkeley  Varitronics  Systems)
9.51 CableFree  (Wireless  Excellence)
9.52 CableLabs/Kyrio
9.53 Cambium  Networks
9.54 Cambridge  Consultants
9.55 Carlson  Wireless  Technologies
9.56 Casa  Systems
9.57 CCI  (Communication  Components  Inc.)/BLiNQ  Networks
9.58 CCN  (Cirrus  Core  Networks)
9.59 CellAntenna  Corporation
9.60 cellXica
9.61 Celona
9.62 Centerline  Communications
9.63 CICT  (China  Information  and  Communication  Technology  Group)/China  Xinke  Group
9.64 Cisco  Systems
9.65 ClearSky  Technologies
9.66 Codium  Networks
9.67 Comba  Telecom
9.68 CommAgility  (Wireless  Telecom  Group)
9.69 CommScope/Ruckus  Networks
9.70 Compal
9.71 COMSovereign
9.72 Connectivity  Wireless  Solutions  (M/C  Partners)
9.73 Contela
9.74 Corning
9.75 Council  Rock
9.76 Cradlepoint  (Ericsson)
9.77 Crown  Castle  International  Corporation
9.78 CTS  (Communication  Technology  Services)
9.79 Dali  Wireless
9.80 Dejero  Labs
9.81 DEKRA
9.82 Dell  Technologies
9.83 Digi  International
9.84 Digicert
9.85 DKK  (Denki  Kogyo)
9.86 Druid  Software
9.87 EION  Wireless
9.88 Encore  Networks
9.89 Ericsson
9.90 ETRI  (Electronics  &  Telecommunications  Research  Institute,  South  Korea)
9.91 EXFO
9.92 ExteNet  Systems  (Digital  Colony)
9.93 Facebook
9.94 Fairspectrum
9.95 FCNT  (Fujitsu  Connected  Technologies)/JEMS  (Japan  EM  Solutions)
9.96 Federated  Wireless
9.97 Fibrolan
9.98 FreedomFi
9.99 FRTek
9.100 Fujitsu
9.101 Future  Technologies  Venture
9.102 GCT  Semiconductor
9.103 GE  (General  Electric)
9.104 Gemtek  Technology
9.105 Geoverse  (ATN  International)
9.106 Getac  Technology  Corporation
9.107 Goodman  Networks
9.108 Google  (Alphabet)
9.109 Granite  Telecommunications
9.110 Green  Packet
9.111 HCL  Technologies
9.112 HFR
9.113 Hitachi  Kokusai  Electric
9.114 Hon  Hai  Precision  Industry  (Foxconn  Technology  Group)
9.115 HP
9.116 HPE  (Hewlett  Packard  Enterprise)
9.117 Huawei
9.118 Huber+Suhner
9.119 iBwave  Solutions  (Corning)
9.120 Infomark  Corporation
9.121 Infosys
9.122 Infovista
9.123 Innonet
9.124 Inseego  Corporation
9.125 Insta  Group
9.126 Intel  Corporation
9.127 Intenna  Systems
9.128 InterDigital
9.129 IoT4Net
9.130 ip.access  (Mavenir  Systems)
9.131 IPLOOK  Networks
9.132 iPosi
9.133 Jaton  Technology
9.134 JCI  (Japan  Communications  Inc.)/Contour  Networks
9.135 JIT  (JI  Technology)
9.136 JMA  Wireless
9.137 JRC  (Japan  Radio  Company)
9.138 Juni  Global
9.139 Kajeet
9.140 Key  Bridge  Wireless
9.141 Keysight  Technologies
9.142 Kisan  Telecom
9.143 KLA  Laboratories
9.144 Kleos
9.145 KMW
9.146 KORE  Wireless
9.147 Kyocera  Corporation
9.148 Landmark  Dividend
9.149 Lekha  Wireless  Solutions
9.150 Lemko  Corporation
9.151 Lenovo/Motorola  Mobility
9.152 LG  Electronics
9.153 Lime  Microsystems
9.154 Lindsay  Broadband
9.155 Linx  Technologies
9.156 LS  telcom
9.157 Maven  Wireless
9.158 Mavenir  Systems
9.159 Metaswitch  Networks  (Microsoft  Corporation)
9.160 Metro  Network  Services
9.161 MiCOM  Labs
9.162 Microlab
9.163 Microsoft  Corporation
9.164 MitraStar  Technology  (Unizyx  Holding  Corporation)
9.165 Mobile  Mark
9.166 Mobilitie
9.167 Motorola  Solutions
9.168 MRT  Technology  (Suzhou)
9.169 MSB  (M  S  Benbow  &  Associates)
9.170 MTI  (Microelectronics  Technology,  Inc.)
9.171 MTI  Wireless  Edge
9.172 Multi-Tech  Systems
9.173 NEC  Corporation
9.174 Nemko
9.175 Netgear
9.176 NetNumber
9.177 Netvision  Telecom
9.178 NewEdge  Signal  Solutions
9.179 Nextivity
9.180 Node-H
9.181 Nokia
9.182 Nominet
9.183 Nsight  Telservices
9.184 NuRAN  Wireless/Nutaq  Innovation
9.185 Oceus  Networks
9.186 Octasic
9.187 OPPO/Vivo/OnePlus/Realme  (BBK  Electronics  Corporation)
9.188 Oracle  Communications
9.189 Panasonic  Corporation
9.190 Panorama  Antennas
9.191 Parallel  Wireless
9.192 Parsec  Technologies
9.193 Pavlov  Media
9.194 PCTEL
9.195 PCTEST  Lab  (PCTEST  Engineering  Laboratory)
9.196 Pierson  Wireless
9.197 Pivot  Technology  Services
9.198 Pivotal  Commware
9.199 Polaris  Networks
9.200 Potevio
9.201 QuadGen  Wireless  Solutions
9.202 Qualcomm
9.203 Quantum  Wireless
9.204 Qucell  (InnoWireless)
9.205 Quectel  Wireless  Solutions
9.206 Qulsar
9.207 Quortus
9.208 Radisys  Corporation  (Reliance  Industries)
9.209 Ranplan  Wireless
9.210 Raycap
9.211 RED  Technologies
9.212 Redline  Communications
9.213 RF  Connect
9.214 RFS  (Radio  Frequency  Systems)
9.215 Rivada  Networks
9.216 RKTPL  (RK  Telesystem  Private  Limited)
9.217 Rohde  &  Schwarz
9.218 RuggON  Corporation
9.219 Saankhya  Labs
9.220 SAC  Wireless  (Nokia)
9.221 Samsung
9.222 Sanjole
9.223 SBA  Communications  Corporation
9.224 Select  Spectrum
9.225 Seowon  Intech
9.226 Sequans  Communications
9.227 Sercomm  Corporation
9.228 SGS
9.229 Shanghai  Smawave  Technology
9.230 Sharp  Corporation/Dynabook  (Foxconn)
9.231 Siemens
9.232 Sierra  Wireless
9.233 Sivers  IMA
9.234 Smart  City  Networks
9.235 SOLiD
9.236 Sony  Corporation
9.237 Spectrum  Effect
9.238 Spirent  Communications
9.239 Sporton  International
9.240 SQUAN
9.241 SSC  (Shared  Spectrum  Company)
9.242 Star  Solutions
9.243 STEP  CG
9.244 STL  (Sterlite  Technologies  Ltd)
9.245 Sunwave  Communications
9.246 SureSite  Consulting  Group
9.247 Suzhou  Aquila  Solutions  (Aquila  Wireless)
9.248 Syniverse  Technologies
9.249 T&W  (Shenzhen  Gongjin  Electronics)
9.250 Tait  Communications
9.251 Tango  Networks
9.252 Taoglas
9.253 Teal  Communications
9.254 Tecore  Networks
9.255 Telewave
9.256 Teleworld  Solutions
9.257 Telit  Communications
9.258 Telrad  Networks
9.259 Telsasoft
9.260 Tessares
9.261 TESSCO  Technologies
9.262 ThinkRF
9.263 Tilson
9.264 TLC  Solutions
9.265 TÜV  SÜD
9.266 Ubicquia
9.267 UL
9.268 Valid8
9.269 Vapor  IO
9.270 Vertical  Bridge  (Digital  Colony)
9.271 Verveba  Telecom
9.272 Viavi  Solutions
9.273 Virtual  Network  Communications  (COMSovereign)
9.274 Wave  Wireless
9.275 Wavesight
9.276 Westell  Technologies
9.277 Widelity
9.278 Wilson  Electronics
9.279 Wilus
9.280 WIN  Connectivity  (Wireless  Information  Networks)
9.281 Winncom  Technologies
9.282 WNC  (Wistron  NeWeb  Corporation)
9.283 Wytec  International
9.284 Zebra  Technologies
9.285 ZenFi  Networks
9.286 Zinwave  (McWane)
9.287 Zmtel  (Shanghai  Zhongmi  Communication  Technology)
9.288 ZTE
9.289 Zyxel  Communications  (Unizyx  Holding  Corporation)

10 Chapter  10:  Conclusion  &  Strategic  Recommendations
10.1 Why  is  the  Market  Poised  to  Grow?
10.2 Future  Roadmap:  2020  –  2030
10.2.1 2020  –  2024:  Steady  Growth  of  5  GHz  LAA,  3.5  GHz  CBRS  GAA  &  1.9  GHz  sXGP  Deployments
10.2.2 2025  –  2029:  Commercial  Maturity  of  5G  NR-U  for  Industrial  IoT  Requirements
10.2.3 2030  &  Beyond:  Mass-Market  Adoption  of  Unlicensed  Cellular  Networks
10.3 Which  Unlicensed  Frequency  Bands  Will  Dominate  the  Market?
10.4 Leveraging  6  GHz  Greenfield  Spectrum  for  5G  NR-U  Deployments
10.5 Outlook  for  60  GHz  &  Higher  Frequencies
10.6 Is  Wi-Fi  6  a  Threat  to  5G  NR-U?
10.7 Densification  of  Mobile  Operator  Networks  in  the  5G  Era
10.8 The  Emergence  of  New  Entrants  in  the  Cellular  Industry
10.9 Private  Cellular  Networks  for  Industrial  IoT
10.10 COVID-19  Pandemic:  Impact  on  Unlicensed  Spectrum  Deployments
10.11 Strategic  Recommendations
10.11.1 LTE/5G  Equipment  Suppliers  &  System  Integrators
10.11.2 Mobile  Operators,  Neutral  Hosts  &  Other  Service  Providers
10.11.3 Enterprises  &  Vertical  Industries
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